Investicije - faktični komentar zasedanja EP v Strassbourgu

Osrednja točka plenarnega Evropskega parlamenta, ki se je odvil prejšnji teden v Strassbourgu, je bil nagovor predsednika Evropske komisije Jean-Clauda Junckerja. Nagovor je bil naslovljen Stanje v Uniji, poleg stanja oziroma problemov EU pa je Juncker v njem podal tudi nekatere rešitve, oziroma prihodnje programske usmeritve komisije. Njegov načrt bo v današnjem Odprtem terminu seciral Lio Novelli, sicer sodelavec Radia Študent Ljubljana. Dve novosti izpostavi evropski poslanec Ivo Vajgl.

  Ena bi bila pravi zunanji minister EU, se pravi to je tista telefonska številka, na katero bi lahko poklicali EU, oziroma on je to elaboriral s tem, da bi takšen zunanji minister potem sedel za tistimi pogajalskimi mizami, kjer se rešujejo svetovni problemi. Ne moremo več tega prepustiti dvema svetovnima velesilama ali pa nekim improvizacijam. Druga njegova takšna novost že ni več čisto novost ampak je na tej ravni prvič o tem spregovoril je skupna evropska obrambna politika in obrambne strukture. Zavzel se je za nekakšen evropski generalštab. Tudi ta ideja mislim, da je dobra do vodi v konsolidiranje Evrope in njeno formiranje kot globalnega igralca. Ker in to je tudi poudaril, medtem ko svet raste je Evropa vedno manjša v tem svetu in manjša je tudi zaradi svoje neorganiziranosti in mnogoterosti. Zdaj mogoče EU nikoli ne bo drugačna, ampak boljše organizirana pa mora biti.

V poročilu se bomo osredotočili na teme, ki niso bile do podrobnosti opisane v osrednjih medijih, kakršne so begunska kriza in varnostne grožnje ter brexit. Sicer imamo tudi tu veliko za pripomniti, a so pripombe predvidljive. Začenjamo z Junckerjevim investicijskim načrtom.

  Empowering our European economy means investing not just in connectivity but also in job creation. The 300 billion investment plan for Europe which we agreed here has already raised 100 billion in its first year of operation. Over two hundred small firms and startups across EU got loans thanks to the European fund for strategic investments. And now we will take it further. Today we propose to double the duration of the fund and to double its financial capacity. With your support we make sure that our European investment fund will provide a total of atleast 500 billion or half a trillion of investments by 2020. And we will work beyond that we reach 630 billion by 2022. Offcourse by memberstates contributing we can get there even faster.

Podvojitev cilja zbranega denarja za investicije bo sicer še dodatno vznemirila skupino evropskih poslancev, ki svari pred premeščanjem sredstev iz sklada Inštrument za povezovanje Evrope v tako imenovani Junckerjev načrt. Sredstva se odtegujejo infrastrukturnim projektom v prid bolj tveganim zasebnim naložbam, ki naj bi zagnale ekonomijo.

A tu se investicije ne ustavijo. Investicije v brezžična omrežja naj bi prinesla veliko novih delovnih mest, predvsem pa digitalno opolnomočila posameznike.

  EU should not only preserve our European way of life but also empower those living it. We need to work for Europe that empowers our citizens and our economy and today both have gone digital. Digital technologies and digital communication are going into every aspect of life. All they require is the access to high speed internet. We need to bo connected. Our economy needs it. People need it. And we have to invest in that connectivity. That is why today European Commission is proposing a reform for our telecommunication markets. We want to create a new legal framework that attracts and enables investments into connectivity. Busineses should be able to plan investments in connectivity for the next twenty years because if Europeans invest in new networks and services that is at least 1.5 million new jobs in the next decade.

Še dodatna 2 milijona delovnih mest bi ustvarili z vzpostavitvijo 5G omrežja čez celotno EU do leta 2020. Dodajmo opozorilo, da dostop do spleta ni edini pogoj za digitalno emancipacijo. Kot primer lahko navedemo projekt multinacionalke facebook internet.org, o katerem smo poročali v Južni hemisferi Humanitarne informacijske investicije. V državah tretjega sveta lahko marsikateri uporabnik interneta dostopa zgolj do peščice spletnih strani, ki jih odobri facebook. Internet lahko tako odigra tudi obratno vlogo od opolnomočenja. Juncker poudari vsaj visoke standarde varovanja posameznikove zasebnosti v EU ...

  Beeing European means you have your personal data protected by strong European laws because Europeans do not like drones recording their every move or companies stockpiling their every mousclick. This is why Council, Parliament and Commission agreed in may thid year a common European data protection. In Europe privacy matters.

Zasebnost šteje, a pod njegovim vodstvom je komisija na hitro in zgolj z lepotnim popravkom zakrpala luknjo, ki jo je povzročila razveljavitev mednarodnega sporazuma Varni pristan med EU in ZDA. Ta je določal pogoje za izvažanje osebnih podatkov prek državnih mej. Na novo sprejeti sporazum ščit zasebnosti pomanjkljivosti Varnega pristana ne odpravi, saj bi morale ZDA dvigniti standarde varovanja osebnih podatkov in prenehati opravljati neselektivni masovni nadzor.

Ostajamo v vodah sodobne tehnologije. Ta je namreč prinesla tudi izzive na področju avtorskega prava, saj ustvarjanje dodatnih kopij vsebine ne pomeni dodatnih stroškov. Junckerja skrbi za ustvarjalce in umetnike. Rad bi jim zagotovil pravično plačilo.

  Beeing European means you have your personal data protected by strong European laws because Europeans do not like drones recording their every move or companies stockpiling their every mousclick. This is why Council, Parliament and Commission agreed in may thid year a common European data protection. In Europe privacy matters.

Z zgornjo trditvijo bi utegnil Juncker pritegniti marsikateri glas prekarnih novinarjev. A avtorska zakonodaja, tudi aktualen predlog, je pisana po interesih velikih založnikov, zabavne industrije in drugih močnih igralcev. Slednji ustvarjajo velike dobičke od prodaje kopij, ljudem pa z represijo prepovedujejo izmenjavo vsebin. Posameznemu ustvarjalcu pripadejo zgolj drobtinice.

V konfliktu interesov posameznika in multinacionalke se sicer Juncker tudi na davčnem področju retorično postavi na stran prvega.

  A fair playfield also means that in EU consumers are protected from abuses from cartels and from powerfull companies and that every company no matter how big or small has to pay its taxes where it makes its profits. I was promising you that my Commission is going to fight against tax evasion and many of you did not belive me but that is what we are doing. We are delivering this Commission is delivering fight against tax evasion.

Junckerjeva omemba pravične obdavčitve in napoved nadaljevanja boja proti korporacijam, ki se izogibajo davkom, je v parlamentu rodila ironičen smeh. Jean-Claude Juncker je bil namreč v času, ko so v Luxembourgu multinacionalke podpisovale pogodbe za posebne davčne ugodnosti, ki jih je razkrila afera luxleaks, tamkajšnji premier. Smeh se je, vsaj po zaslugi komisarke za varstvo konkurence Margarethe Vestager in njenim nedavnim preiskavam, hitro polegel. Kljub temu gre zgolj za vrh ledene gore. Na Irskem letuje na davčnih počitnicah veliko število multinacionalk.

Veliko število kanadskih in ameriških podjetij pa čaka na sprostitev pogojev za vstop na evropski trg.

  Trade means more work, trade means more jobs. 30 million jobs in EU are dependant on exports, 1 in every 7 jobs depends on exports in other parts of the world, 1 billion more in export volume creates additional 40 000 jobs and therefore I am very much behind trade agreement with Canada. It is the most progressive and the best trade agreement we have ever went into. The guarantiees that we need can be specified in the various different ratification procedures and we can rule out the concerns which exists but we can not back track on this with Canada.

Tudi pri govoru o sporazumu CETA Juncker izpostavlja pozitivne učinke na posameznika, kakršen je število delovnih mest, ki jih bo sporazum prinesel. V nagovoru pa se mu nekako izmuznejo ugodnosti, ki jih sporazum prinaša podjetjem in si v mnogočem nasprotujejo z interesi prebivalcev. Tem komisija rada prisluhne.

  Trade means more work, trade means more jobs. 30 million jobs in EU are dependant on exports, 1 in every 7 jobs depends on exports in other parts of the world, 1 billion more in export volume creates additional 40 000 jobs and therefore I am very much behind trade agreement with Canada. It is the most progressive and the best trade agreement we have ever went into. The guarantiees that we need can be specified in the various different ratification procedures and we can rule out the concerns which exists but we can not back track on this with Canada.

Kljub temu, da trdijo, da so v službi ljudi in jim velikokrat prisluhnejo, pa Evropska komisija ni priznala statusa državljanske pobude podpisnikom peticije za prekinitev pogajanj glede sporazuma CETA. Zaključujemo še z zadnjo investicijo - investicijo v mlade.

  And more than anything we need to invest in our young people. I can not and will not accept that Europe is and remains a continent of yout unemployment. I can not and will not except that millenials that generation Y will be first generation in 70 years to be poorer than their parents. Offcourse this is mainly the task of national governments we are not the part of ... But EU can support this efforts. We are doing this by supporting European youth guarantie that we have launched 3 years ago. The Commission enhanced the effectivnes and spread up delivery on youth guarantie. More than 9 million young people got job or apprentinceship because of the EU. And we will continue to roll out youth guarantie across EU mainly as far apprentinceship is conserned improving skillset and reaching out to the regions where young people are most in need.

Predsednik Evropske komisije bo za mlade uvedel tudi darilo.

  The Comission is propsing today to set up European solidarity core. Young people across EU will be able to voulenteer their help where it is needed most. To respond to crisis situtations like the refugee crisis or the recent earthquakes in Italy. I want this Europan solidarity go up and running as soon as possible and by 2020 see first 100 000 Europans taken part by voulontary joining European solidarity core this young people will be able to develop their skill but get not only work but also invaluable human experiance.

Skoraj prave delovne brigade, kjer bomo mladi lahko delali zastonj.

Samooklicano demokratičnega, a ne izvoljenega voditelja EU je pod drobnogled vzel Novelli.

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